OUR INTEGRATED CURRICULUM
The Sycamore School integrates academic development, social-emotional development and civic engagement. Our curriculum encompasses elements of the following evidence-based educational models:
- Mastery-based learning
- Framework for 21st Century Learning
- Universal Design for Learning
- CASEL & Mindful Schools
Mastery-based learning describes an approach to learning that is based on individual proficiency. In practice, Master-based learning allows students to spend as much or as little time as they need on a particular skill or knowledge area.
Why Mastery-based learning?
Conventional instruction is time-based; teachers have a fixed time allotted to review each skill or knowledge area. Using this model, a student may pick up some concepts quickly, creating wasted time, where the student becomes bored or disinterested; another student may not fully master a topic in a given timeframe, leading to gaps in learning that grow more significant over time. Mastery-based instruction allows each student to progress at their own pace, accounting for the ebb and flow of learning. This model removes all time-based measurements so that students can move on to a new topic, as soon as they demonstrate competency in a subject area. The goal of Mastery-based learning is for students to take what they learn and apply skills and knowledge across other disciplines/content areas to solve unfamiliar problems.
Key Components of Mastery-based learning:
- Self-paced learning: students master skills at their own pace; students move forward based on their ability to demonstrate competency, not on instruction time.
- Teaching for mastery: Students work on a concept until they demonstrate proficiency in the skill; they are given regular feedback and multiple opportunities to improve their work.
- Personalized instruction with student choice: assignments are differentiated based on individual strengths, struggles, and interests; students are given choices on how the material is presented, how they work with concepts and how they show what they know.
- Problem-based learning: assignments are meaningful and often center around problem-solving, encouraging students to explore big ideas and expand their understanding of key concepts.
- Authentic assessment: teachers assess student learning throughout each class and using multiple forms of assessment.
- Focus on application of skills: Students are given opportunities to connect their learning across content areas and to our larger world.
The term "21st-century skills" is generally used to refer to certain core competencies such as collaboration, digital literacy, critical thinking, and problem-solving that advocates believe schools need to teach to help students thrive in today's world. (2010, Elizabeth Rich, Education Week)
Framework for 21st Century Learning was developed to help educators integrate 21st Century Skills into key academic subjects. This Framework describes the skills, knowledge and expertise students must master to succeed in work and life; it is a blend of content knowledge, specific skills, expertise and literacies. …Within the context of key knowledge instruction, students must also learn the essential skills for success in today’s world, such as critical thinking, problem solving, communication and collaboration. (Partnership for 21st Century Learning)
6 Key Elements of 21st Century Learning:
- Emphasize core subjects – such as language arts, math, science, history, arts, economics, world languages, geography, government and civics
- Emphasize learning skills – such as information & communication skills, thinking & problem-solving skills, interpersonal & self-directional skills
- Use 21st Century Tools to develop learning skills – being able to effectively use technology to learn
- Teach and learn in a 21st Century context – learning needs to happen in and outside the classroom; students learn academic content through real-world examples, applications, and experiences both inside and outside school
- Teach and learn 21st Century content – weave the following themes into core subjects: Global Awareness; Financial, Economic, Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy, Civic Literacy, Health Literacy, and Environmental Literacy
- Use 21st century assessments that measure 21st century learning skills – use a variety of formal and informal assessments to capture progress and proficiencies 21st Century Student Outcomes – the knowledge, skills and expertise students should master to succeed in work and life in the 21st Century.
To learn more about the Framework for 21 st Century Learning, go to www.P21.org
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) provides a framework for understanding how to create curricula that meets the needs of all learners.
UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructional goals, methods, materials, and assessments that work for everyone-- not a single, one-size- fits-all solution but rather flexible approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs. (from National Center on Universal Design for Learning 2012)
3 primary principles of UDL (CAST, 2015):
1. Provide multiple means of presentation – give students choices of how the learning material is presented (e.g., visual, auditory or kinesthetic)
2. Provide multiple means of action and expression – give students choices of how they show what they know (offer multiple modes of assessment, such as written and verbal)
3. Provide multiple means of engagement – give students choices of how they work with the material (e.g., alone, in pairs, or group instruction)
How The Sycamore School applies UDL concepts:
Students will have choices of how they access academic material and demonstrate mastery (e.g., show what they know). This is done by providing students “menus” where they pick which activities they would like to do in order to learn a concept. Each core class (e.g., Language Arts, Science, Social Studies, Math) will offer individual, small and large group learning opportunities. Technology is used creatively to provide students learning options.
Collaborative for Academic, Social, & Emotional Learning (CASEL) is a collaborative for academic, social and emotional learning that outlines evidence-based strategies to incorporate social and emotional learning with academic instruction.
“Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which children and adults acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.” CASEL 2015
CASEL has identified five interrelated Social & Emotional Learning Core Competencies:
- Responsible Decision-Making
- Relationship Skills
- Social Awareness
What is Mindfulness?
- The ability to focus on what you want, when you want.
- Increased awareness of thoughts, emotions, senses, and external behaviors.
- Non-reactivity; the ability to let sensory experience come and go without push or pull.
What are the Benefits of Mindfulness?
When students can effectively manage their emotions, they are more available for learning.
Research findings show that practicing mindfulness can improve students’:
- Emotional Regulation
How do you teach Mindfulness?
- Teach tools - Explicitly teach students mindfulness activities
- Regular practice – create a regular time for mindfulness practice in the classroom
- Cue/Prompt – Cue students to practice their mindfulness when they are visibly dysregulated
3 ways Social & Emotional Learning will be addressed in TSS school community:
- Explicit Social & Emotional Skills Instruction
- Integrate Social & Emotional Learning within Academic Curriculum Areas
- Teacher Instructional Practices reflect both social & emotional and academic goals